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augur

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Everything posted by augur

  1. 1887 Jubilee Head Half Sovereigns
  2. The different colours gold can display... This is indeed an interesting topic and more prevalent in LMU or UML coins than e.g. sovereign or bullion gold. Sometimes it has to do with the pickling: all coins below are 0.900 fine gold alloyed with silver Left Chervonetz ("red coin"), middle and right 20 Mark; during the pickling the superficial copper is dissolved from the planchets using a strong acid (e.g. H2SO4). Depending on duration and strength of the acid the result can vary as seen above. And while it looks as if there were no UML coins on the picture, the 20 Mark are most likely made from French Francs (reparations from the Franco-Prussian War 1870). The other options is to alter the gold tone more yellow is to use silver in the alloy as in the 1887 Jubilee Sovereigns. In the few years the Mint in Caracas was operating, Venezuela did exactly this with its gold coins. the two left coins were minted in Paris and Bruxelles respectively and show the effect of pickling nicely while the two right Ines were minted in Caracas with gold from Guyana, the traces of arsenic in the gold give the greenish tint.
  3. Well done! Also @Spanishsilver, great/rare coins!
  4. Still available; should this go for conservation or do people prefer the coppery toned look?
  5. 1887 Jubilee Head Full Sovereign £325 1887 Jubilee Head Half Sovereign £165 Please add postage of choice, payment via PayPal F&F or bank transfer. Half Sov No.1 - sold Half Sov No.2
  6. You sir are a quick reader! Indeed there is a plethora of legal issues and to begin with no constitution nor direct democracy in the EU despite it taking on more and more aspects of the sovereignty of its member nations. Europe (and Britain!) are already loosing their importance on the global playing field and brexiting will only weaken all involved. While China is getting ready to inherit the US and become the next Empire we are weakening ourselves into utter irrelevance. Once under their rule we can completely forget about sovereignty and start worrying about social credit point.
  7. NYT instead? https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/02/opinion/brexit-news.html
  8. Again, this has nothing to do with Europe or Europeans: the predominantly European areas of London (SW) are virtually free from knife crime while most stabbings occur in low income white or black areas (SE). I get where you are coming from in regards to political correctness getting in the way of crime prevention, though. I am sure that once the hard Brexit is complete there will be plenty of white Irish terror attacks, that the Met can spend resources on... But all these Pakistani immigrants that @SILVERFINGER was referring to in the poem have little to do with the freedom of movement that will come to an end with Brexit. If any, it will keep them from going to other European Countries so that they will have to continue to remain in Britain.
  9. The "War on Terror" has had a collateral damage of some 3 million muslims and counting opposed to 3 thousand who died during the 911 atacks. George W. Bush stated that he took out the reprisals against muslim countries because he (as a Christian) was told so by God(!). https://www.theguardian.com/world/2005/oct/07/iraq.usa Killing millions of innocent people based on a crime for which not even the US authorities were able to blame the countries that were invaded is what I would call (state) terrorism. The fallout of destroyed livelihoods and societies from these brutal acts against humanity on the one hand and the attraction of excessive handouts of the welfare state on the other have set in motion a migration of the fittest and has little to do with Europe/Brexit.
  10. NGC first one MS63-64 NGC and PCGS second one MS61-62 *) depending on the day form of the grader, you can extend the range by +/- one grade
  11. The first one has less wear on the high points and the fields are cleaner
  12. What about varieties, that have not been described yet? I am thinking of @sg86 who has quite a few very interesting shields, that have unusual or rotated letters and undocumented overstrikes. What does it take to have them recognised? i also have some LMU coins with overstrikes and maybe a new and undocumented variant
  13. Can't believe these haven't sold out immediately! These bars are an awesome size and shape and 1/4 oz of free silver is also a nice prospect... ... can't wait for the 1kg bars, though
  14. All official combatants and largest/most recent circulation issue. This gives also a quite good idea of the economic situation of the respective countries; in other words: Brazil will be part of this. Just need a bit of time for the write up for the next nation as it is a key player/moment in his story
  15. You are absolutely correct, the House of Saxe-Coburg only issued the British, Bulgarian and Portuguese Monarch but the latter kingdom was already dissolved in 1910. I think it was the Bourbon in House of Bourbon-Parma of his first wife, that threw me off (and here the Spanish Branch of the House of Bourbon). Apologies for this inaccuracy – I'll see if I can still redact this wrong statement.
  16. Greece was in a similar situation as Romania with a German King and the Princess Consort a younger sister of the German Emperor one one side and a Parliament that favoured to side with the might of the naval powerhouse Britain. King Constantine I and prime minister Venizelos were trying to outmanoeuvre each other during the stage of (compromised) neutrality until Greece entered on the side of the Allied Forces in November 1916/June 1917. The King had to flee the country and was replaced with his second son, who was considered less "germanophile" by the British. Despite limited military involvement Greece was able to secure large territories, which it sub sequentially lost a few years later. 1912 Greece 20 Lepta (MS64) (no circulation coins were issued until after the war)
  17. Received some silver metals, too
  18. Romnia was split as to whom to side with during the war. With a Hohenzollern King (same House as the King of Prussia/German Emperor) the monarchy sided with the Central Powers while the people favoured the Entente Cordiale; to avoid a rupture Romania therefore remained neutral. Only after great promises (which mostly remained that) of war loans, supplies and troops did Romania finally enter the war on the side of the Entente on the 31/8/1916. The Romanian Army suffered heavy losses and Russia had to divert a third of her troops just to secure her own flank. As feared by Russian strategists, bringing Romania into the war was more of a burden than a relief and Romania had to sign a peace treaty with Germany only a year later. Germany on the other hand benefited from wool, grain and oil from occupied Romania which kept the German war efforts going until the end. Only a day before the German capitulation did Romania re-enter the war and was able to secure large territories of Romanian ethnic majority. 1914 Romania 2 Lei (MS64) featuring king Carol I, who died the same year. He was succeeded by Ferdinand I. No currency was issued until the point of entry into the war.
  19. The young Kingdom of Hejaz (Kingdom of Arabia) officially opened the the Middle Eastern war theatre with its entry into war on the 5/6/1916. Initially part of the Ottoman Empire, it was endangering British shipping routes due to its location along the eastern shores of the Red Sea. The British Empire implied that she would support a Pan Arabian state and using the momentum of the Arabian Revolt, the British liaison officer T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) successfully coordinated the defeat of Ottoman Forces in this region and the capture of Damascus. In the end Syria was given to the French and Arabia remained split amongst several kingdoms. The King of Hejaz considered this as a betrayal by the British and this resentment lives on to the present day. Hejaz 1916-20 20 Piastre (1780 Maria Theresia Thaler restrike countermarked) The Austrian 1780 Maria Theresia Thaler (restrikes) were the most popular "trade dollar" in Arabia, next to Ottoman countermarked currency. In absence of an own mint the Kingdom of Hejaz repurposed foreign silver as national currency. This piece is not in my collection and it proves extremely difficult to get anything a) recognised as authentic by graders and b) past a details grade. In order to progress this thread I decided to cheat here and catch up with my own piece at some later point.
  20. Early 20 Bolivares date run 1879-80 Monnaie de Bruxelles, 1886-88 Casa de Moneda Caracas
  21. The lettering is sub standard, IEB quiete pronounced for the wear and Victoria seems to have a frog in her throat. Always easy to see with magnification but in hand it's another story... The 11ct has a very suspicious rim on both sides. These are "bad" fakes but others are very hard to distinguish.
  22. Just received, another addition to the UML overstrikes: 1888/6 Venezuela 20 Bolivares. Not particularly clean but the overstrike is more visible than anywhere else I've seen:
  23. @kimchi this piece was meant for you! Everything, design, weight, serial number and purity lines up... enjoy!!!!!!!!!!!!!